Your gum and your bones are supporting structures of your teeth. Bone is what anchors your teeth, and gums that are healthy will keep these bone levels at their optimum levels.
The condition you may refer to as “gum disease” also is called “periodontal disease”. Periodontal disease is the MOST COMMON reason for tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums that, if severe, can lead to the loss of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms constantly on teeth.
If plaque is not removed, it can cause your gums (gingivae) to pull away from your teeth, forming POCKETS in which more bacteria and food debri can collect.
Plaque that is not removed hardens into CALCULUS (tartar) along and under your gums. The pockets and hard calculus make it difficult to remove plaque without help from a dentist, and periodontal disease can develop. If left untreated, periodontal disease can damage the tissues that support your teeth, even the bone.
Although there is rarely any pain with periodontal disease, you may have the following signs and symptoms:
Recently, the researchers have reported associations between periodontal disease and a host of other conditions.
Studies have shown that people with diabetes tend to have periodontal disease more often than those without diabetes, and often the disease is more severe than that in other people.
Researchers also have found that some people with diabetes who receive treatment for periodontal disease see improvements in their ability to control blood sugar levels after those treatments.
So keep in mind that your daily oral health routine and professional dental care are more than just taking care of your teeth. They are important steps in taking care of yourself.